Publications

Tooth loss, dementia and neuropathology in the Nun Study 
Pamela Sparks Stein, Mark Desrosiers, Sara Jean Donegan, SSND, Juan F. Yepes, and Richard J. Kryscio
Journal of the American Dental Association 2007;138(10):1314-1322 

Healthy ageing in the Nun Study: Definition and neuropathologic correlates
Suzanne L. Tyas, David A. Snowdon, Mark F. Desrosiers, Kathryn P. Riley and William R. Markesbery
Age and Ageing, 2007; 36(6):650-655, 2007

Neuropathological findings processed by artificial neural networks (ANNs) can perfectly distinguish Alzheimer’s patients from controls in the Nun Study
Enzo Grossi, Massimo P. Buscema, David Snowdon, Piero Antuono
BMC Neurology, 2007;7:15;doi:10.1186/1471-2377-7-15 

Transitions to Mild Cognitive Impairments, Dementia, and Death: Findings from the Nun Study
Suzanne L. Tyas, Juan Carlos Salazar, David A. Snowdon, Mark F. Desrosiers, Kathryn P. Riley, Marta S. Mendiondo, and Richard J. Kryscio
American Journal of Epidemiology 2007; 165(11):1231-1238 

Very early detection of Alzheimer neuropathology and the role of brain reserve in modifying its clinical expression
James A. Mortimer, Amy R. Borenstein, Karen M.Gosche, and David A. Snowdon
Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology 2005; 18(4):218-223 

Early life linguistic ability, late life cognitive function, and neuropathology: Findings from the Nun Study
Kathryn P. Riley, David A. Snowdon, Mark F. Desrosiers, and William R. Markesbery
Neurobiology of Aging 2005; 26(3):341-347 

Artificial Neural Networks and Artificial Organisms Can Predict Alzheimer Pathology in Individual Patients Only on The Basis of Cognitive and Functional Status
Massimo Buscema, Enzo Grossi, David Snowdon, Piero Antuono, Marco Intraligi, Guido Maurelli, Rita Savarè
Neuroinformatics Winter 2004; 2(4):399-416 

The Use of Convent Archival Records in Medical Research: The School Sisters of Notre Dame Archives and the Nun Study
Gari-Anne Patzwald and Sister Carol Marie Wildt
American Archivist 2004; 67(1):86-106 

Delayed recall, hippocampal volume and Alzheimer neuropathology: Findings from the Nun Study
James A. Mortimer, Karen M. Gosche, Kathryn P. Riley, William R. Markesbery, and David A. Snowdon
Neurology 2004; 62:428-432 

Estimating intensity functions on multi-state Markov models with application to the Nun Study
Juan Carlos Salazar, Suzanne L Tyas, Mark F Desrosiers, David A Snowdon, Kathryn Perez Riley, Marta S Mendiondo, Richard J Kryscio
Proceedings of the Joint Statistical Meeting, San Francisco 2003. Biometrics section, 3616-3623 

Oral and written language in late adulthood: Findings from the Nun Study
Tracy L. Mitzner and Susan Kemper
Experimental Aging Research 2003; 29(4):457-474 

Healthy aging and dementia: Findings from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon
Annals of Internal Medicine 2003; 139 (5 Part 2):450-454 

Head Circumference, Education and Risk of Dementia: Findings from the Nun Study
James A. Mortimer, David A. Snowdon, and William R. Markesbery
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology 2002; 25(5):671-679 

Hippocampal volume as an index of Alzheimer neuropathology: Findings from the Nun Study
Karen M. Gosche, James A. Mortimer, Charles D. Smith, William R. Markesbery, and David A. Snowdon
Neurology 2002; 58:1476-1482 

Alzheimer’s Neurofibrillary Pathology and the Spectrum of Cognitive Function: Findings from the Nun Study
Kathryn P. Riley, David A. Snowdon, and William R. Markesbery
Annals of Neurology 2002; 51:567-577 

An automated technique for measuring hippocampal volumes from MR imaging studies
Karen M. Gosche, James A. Mortimer, Charles D. Smith, William R. Markesbery, and David A. Snowdon
American Journal of Neuroradiology 2001; 22:1686-1689

Language decline across the life span: Findings from the Nun Study
Susan Kemper, Lydia H. Greiner, Janet G. Marquis, Katherine Prenovost, Tracy L. Mitzner
Psychology and Aging 2001;16(2):227-239 

Positive Emotions in Early Life and Longevity: Findings from the Nun Study
Deborah D. Danner, David A. Snowdon, Wallace V. Friesen
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2001;80(5):804-813 

Linguistic ability in early life and the neuropathology of Alzheimer’s disease and cerebrovascular disease: Findings from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon, Lydia H. Greiner, William R. Markesbery
Vascular factors in Alzheimer's disease 2000;903:34-38 

Cognitive function and apolipoprotein-E in the very old: Findings from the Nun Study
Kathryn P. Riley, David A. Snowdon, Ann M. Saunders, Allen D. Roses, James A. Mortimer and Nuwan Nanayakkara
Journals of Gerontology: Social Sciences 2000;55B(2):S69-S75 

Serum folate and the severity of atrophy of the neocortex in Alzheimer disease: Findings from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon, Christine L. Tully, Charles D. Smith, Kathryn Perez Riley, and William R. Markesbery
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;71(4):993-998 

White matter volumes and periventricular white matter hyperintensities in aging and dementia
Charles D. Smith, David Snowdon , Hao Wang and William R. Markesbery
Neurology 2000;54(3):838-842 

Periventricular white matter hyperintensities on MRI: Correlation with neuropathologic findings
Charles D. Smith, David Snowdon and William R. Markesbery
Journal of Neuroimaging 2000;13-16 

Progression of regional neuropathology in Alzheimer disease and normal elderly: Findings from the Nun Study
David S. Wolf, Marla Gearing, David A. Snowdon, Hiroshi Mori, William R. Markesbery, Suzanne S. Mirra
Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders 1999;13(4):226-231 

The prevalence of neuropathologically confirmed vascular dementia: Findings from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon and William R. Markesbery
1st International Congress on Vascular Dementia 1999;10:19-24 

Self-rated Function, Self-rated Health and Postmortem Evidence of Brain Infarcts: Findings from the Nun Study
Philip A. Greiner, David A. Snowdon, and Lydia H. Greiner
Journals of Gerontology: Social Sciences 1999;54B(4):S219-S222 

Linguistic ability in early life and longevity: Findings from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon PhD, Lydia H. Greiner BSN, Susan J. Kemper PhD, Nuwan Nanayakkara PhD and James A. Mortimer
The Paradoxes of Longevity 1999; 103-113 

The challenges and successes of aging: Findings from the Nun Study
Kathryn Perez Riley and David A. Snowdon
Advances in Medical Psychotherapy 1999-2000, Volume 10; 1-12 

Alzheimer's disease, dental amalgam and mercury
Stanley R. Saxe DMD, Merle W. Wekstein MPA, Richard J. Kryscio PhD, Robert G. Henry DMD, Charles R. Cornett PhD, David A. Snowdon PhD, Ford T. Grant DMD, Frederick A. Schmitt PhD, Sara Jean Donegan SSND DMD, David R. Wekstein PhD, William D. Ehmann PhD, William R. Markesbery MD
Journal of the American Dental Association 1999;130:191-199 

Brain infarction and the clinical expression of Alzheimer disease: The Nun Study
David A. Snowdon PhD, Lydia H. Greiner BSN, James A. Mortimer PhD,<> Kathryn P. Riley PhD, Philip A. Greiner DNSc and William R. Markesbery MD
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)1997;277(10):813-817 

Underrecognition of dementia by caregivers cuts across cultures
Lydia H. Greiner and David A. Snowdon
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)1997;277(22):1757 

Aging and Alzheimer's disease: Lessons from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon PhD
The Gerontologist 1997;37(2):150-156 

Linguistic ability in early life and Alzheimer's disease in late life: Findings from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon PhD, Lydia H. Greiner BSN, David R. Wekstein PhD, Deborah Danner PhD, William R. Markesbery MD, Susan J. Kemper PhD and James A. Mortimer PhD
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) 1996;275(24):1879 

Plasma antioxidant concentrations in a population of elderly women: Findings from the Nun Study
Myron D. Gross PhD and David A. Snowdon PhD
Nutrition Research 1996;16(11-12):1881-1890 

The relationship of self-rated function and self-rated health to concurrent functionalability, functional decline, and mortality: Findings from the Nun Study
Philip A. Greiner, DNSc, David A. Snowdon PhD and Lydia H. Greiner BSN
Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 1996;51B(5):S234-S241 

Acute phase response and plasma carotenoid concentrations in older women: Findings from the Nun Study
Maria G. Boosalis PhD, David A. Snowdon PhD, Chrtine L. Tully, MD and Myron D. Gross PhD
Nutrition 1996;12:475-478 

The loss of independence in activities of daily living: The role of low normal cognitive function in elderly nuns
Philip A. Greiner DNSc, David A. Snowdon PhD, and Frederick A. Schmitt PhD
American Journal of Public Health 1996;86(1):62-66 

Trends in mortality in older women: Findings from the Nun Study
Steven M. Butler PhD and David A. Snowdon PhD
Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences 1996;51B(4):S201-S208 

Age, education and changes in the Mini-Mental State Exam scores of elderly women: Findings from the Nun Study
Steven M. Butler PhD, J. Wesson Ashford and David A. Snowdon PhD
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 1996;44:675-681 

Antioxidants and reduced functional capacity in the elderly: Findings from the Nun Study
David A. Snowdon PhD, Myron D. Gross PhD, and Steven M. Butler PhD
Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences 1996;51A(1):M10-M16 

Serum zinc and plasma lipoproteins in elderly women: Findings from the Nun Study
Christine L. Tully MD, David A. Snowdon PhD, and John D. Belcher PhD
Journal of Trace Elements in Experimental Medicine1995-1996;8(4):201-209 

Dental amalgam and cognitive function in older women: Findings from the Nun Study
Stanley R. Saxe DMD MSD, David A. Snowdon PhD, Merle W. Wekstein MPA, Robert G. Henry DMD, Sara Jean Donegan SSND, and David R. Wekstein PhD
Journal of the American Dental Association 1995;126:1495-1501 

Weight change and physical function in elderly women: Findings from the Nun Study
Christine L. Tully MD and David A. Snowdon PhD
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 1995;43:1394-1397 

Serum zinc, senile plaques, and neurofibrillary tangles: Findings from the Nun Study
Christine L. Tully MD, David A. Snowdon PhD, and William R. Markesbery MD
NeuroReport 1995;6:2105-2108 

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction and selected health parameters in the elderly
Linda P. Harriman, David A. Snowdon, Louise B. Messer, Del Marie Rysavy, Sharon K. Ostwald, Char-Huei Lai and Annelle H. Soberay
Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology 1990;70:406-413 

Videotape dietary assessment: Validity, reliability, and comparison of results with 24-hour dietary recalls from elderly women in a retirement home
Judith E. Brown PhD, Theresa M. Tharp MPH, Elizabeth M. Dahlberg-Luby MS, David A. Snowdon PhD, Sharon K. Ostwald PhD, I. Marilyn Buzzard PhD, S. Del Marie Rysavy MS and S. Mary Aloysius Wieser MS
Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1990:90;1675-1679 

Education, survival, and independence in elderly Catholic sisters, 1936-1988
David A. Snowdon PhD, Sharon K. Ostwald PhD, Robert L. Kane MD
American Journal of Epidemiology 1989;130:999-1012 

Manual dexterity as a correlate of dependency in the elderly
Sharon K. Ostwald PhD, David A. Snowdon PhD, S. Del Marie Rysavy SSND, Nora L. Keenan MPH, and Robert L. Kane MD
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 1989;7:963-969 

Years of life with good and poor mental and physical function in the elderly
David A. Snowdon PhD, Sharon K. Ostwald PhD, Robert L. Kane MD, and Nora L. Keenan, MPH
Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1989;42:1055-1066 

Making mammography a habit
David A. Snowdon PhD, Nelly Gonzalez MD, Barbara M. O'Leary DVM, and Sharon K. Ostwald PhD
Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) 1989;262(2):207